Bombay, December 25, 1976
nayam deho deha-bhajam nrloke
kastan kaman arhate vid-bhujam ye
tapo divyam putraka yena sattvam
suddhyed yasmad brahma-saukhyam tv anantam
This verse we were discussing yesterday. Portion of the verse was explained, and portion of the verse we shall try to explain this night. Tapo divyam. Rsabhadeva says, "My dear sons, this body, human body, nayam deha, this body is not for wasting life, dogs and hogs." They are not wasting. They are in the gradual evolution process. Jalaja nava-laksani sthavara laksa-vimsati. They are coming to the human form of body gradually, by nature's law. Prakrteh kriyamanani gunaih karmani sarvasah [Bg. 3.27]. So long we are in the lower species of life, we are conducted by complete laws of nature, prakrteh kriya-gunaih karmani sarvasah, according to the different gunas.
There are three gunas; therefore the material nature is called guna-mayi. Daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya [Bg. 7.14]. Krsna says that this material energy... There are three different energies of the Supreme Lord. He has got multi-energies, parasya saktir vividhaiva sruyate [Cc. Madhya 13.65, purport]. We can see activities are going on, different varieties of activities in this world, but they have been summarized into three divisions: sattva-guna, rajo-guna, tamo-guna. So sattva-guna, rajo-guna... The animals, they are in the tamo-guna. Then gradually they are elevated by the evolutionary process to the rajo-guna, and then we are elevated to the sattva-guna. That is the brahminical qualification. And we have to surpass the sattva-guna also. Not that coming to the platform of sattva-guna we become perfect. No. There is chance of falling down from the sattva-guna. We have got practical experience in this age, Kali-yuga, many persons have fallen down from the platform of brahminical qualification. The brahminical qualification is the platform of sattva-guna: samo damo titiksava arjavam jnanam vijnanam astikyam brahma karma svabhava-jam [Bg. 18.42]. This is the brahminical culture.
So if by coming to the platform of brahminical culture, one is sure, that is not possible. That is explained in the Bhagavad-gita. Sometimes sattva-guna is overpowered by rajo-guna or rajo-guna is overpowered by tamo-guna or sattva-guna is overpowered by tamo-guna. In this way, topsy-turvy it is going on. That is material world. But if you want to become above the material platform, then you have to take to the platform of devotional service. That is mentioned in the Bhagavad-gita:
mam ca avyabhicarena
sa gunan samatityaitan
If you take to the platform of Krsna consciousness, then we can overcome the jurisdiction of the gunas. That is also advised by Lord Krsna to Arjuna: traigunya-visaya veda nistraigunyo bhavarjuna. This whole world is being conducted by the three gunas, and if you want to go above the three gunas, then you have to take to this platform, nistraigunya. Nirguna. Is called nirguna. Nirguna does not mean no quality. No. Nirguna means nirastah yatra, material qualities. Do not think, as some philosophers think like that, that after being brahma-bhutah, as it is stated, brahma-bhuyaya kalpate, then business is finished. No. Business is not finished.